Aquaculture and algae



The term aquaculture defines the set of activities aimed at the controlled production of aquatic organisms. Specifically, it can be distinguished in fish farming, shellfish farming, crustaceans and algiculture.
If responsibly developed and practiced, it will be able to make a significant contribution to global food security and economic growth.
The exploitation of fish resources, the theme of animal welfare, as well as the problem of product safety and quality and consequently the safeguarding of the marine environment, have led the EU Commission to define the requirements for organic aquaculture.
Since July 2010, Reg. No. 710/2009 has entered into force in Europe, modifying EC Regulation 889/08, introducing the technical rules for organic aquaculture.
A great opportunity for European aquaculture that, to tackle a very competitive and globalized market, must inevitably focus on production systems that guarantee a high level of product quality and maximum respect for the environment.
In addition to animal welfare, organic aquaculture also pays special attention to environmental problems, by verifying the quality of the places where breeding takes place.
The feed used must meet specific nutritional requirements. Fish flours and oils can be used if they come from fishing waste and, in any case, in a context of certified sustainable fishing.
Animal health management must aim at disease prevention. In addition, significant limitations are imposed on the use of feed materials and cleaning and disinfection products.
The fish produced from organic aquaculture has high organoleptic qualities and is obtained without the use of GMOs.
Organic certification helps reduce the company’s impact on the environment and in many cases protects delicate habitats.

Organic algae.

European legislation also includes criteria for the biological cultivation of seaweed. The collection of wild marine algae in areas of high ecological quality (Directive 2000/60/EC) also constitutes an organic production method provided that this activity does not harm the long-term stability of the natural habitat or the protection of species in the area of collection.

With EU Reg 673/2016, spirulina was included in the item “algae and microalgae” and included in reg 834/07 and 889/08.

Therefore all the technical means that they want to use in the production must be admitted by the reg 889/08.



Notification of production activity.
With the organic method to the competent authority through the Biological Information System (SIB) or similar regional systems. The operator declares the type of activity, the productive units and the chains of activities subjected to the control. Aquaculture farms declare the production units where organic production takes place, including any subcontractors not directly subject to the control system.

Initial evaluation of the production process.
The operator presents a management plan in order to describe all the measures it intends to take to comply with the organic requirements related to the activity conducted. The operators of the aquaculture sector present the management plan of the farm that meets the requirements of the Guidelines for Organic Aquaculture. The Annual Aquaculture Production Program (PAPA) must also be drawn up, as well as the list of suppliers of feed and other biological products required for the purposes of breeding.

Start inspection audit.
To verify the correct application and effectiveness of the declared measures of the management plan and other related documents. Furthermore, the suitability of the structures and the correct management of the company production processes in relation to the requisites required by the European legislation for the various sectors of activity are evaluated.

Issue of the Justificatory Document and Certificate of Conformity.
Based on the information and data collected in the assessment and verification process.
The Certificate of Conformity shows the list of certified products. In the case of aquaculture productions, it is not possible to market the products with the indication “in conversion to organic farming”.

Annual monitoring.
Through periodic inspections and analyzes planned on the basis of a careful analysis of the risks aimed at confirming the maintenance of the conditions of compliance and the punctual and correct keeping of the mandatory records, required for control purposes.


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